Background, explosive eruptions, size, distribution, types of ash.- Hazard, risk, probability, fragility functions.- General effects of eruptions on urban & rural communities, including general roof collapse and corrosion.- Effects of ash on telecommunications / computers / air conditioning.- Effects of ash on transport networks (road, rail, air).- Effects of ash on water supplies and waste water.- Effects of ash on electricity supplies and generation.- Clean-up after ash, recovery and potential uses of ash.- Recommendations.
Explosive eruptions have the potential to distribute ashfall across large areas, resulting in physical and chemical impacts to infrastructure essential for society's normal functioning, causing disruptions of service which may lead to economic and psycho-social impacts to communities. This book provides a state-of-the-art review of information on impacts to critical infrastructure from volcanic ashfall, and how damage can be minimized. The book is an essential text for building awareness of likely impacts and providing possible mitigation options. As such, it is likely to appeal to infrastructure companies, Government, local authorities and the wider hazard management community charged with hazard mitigation. Where feasible a semi-quantitative approach has been adopted. This will indicate potential costs of such events and how much can be saved by effective mitigation.
Biografie (Thomas Wilson)
Tom Wilson is leading staff scientist for the international ALMA project (Atacama Large Millimeter Array), the most important interferometry experiment in radioastronomy. Being involved with all key issues of this huge installation, he has unique insight into both the science, theoretical and experimental, as well as the managerial side of a large international collaboration.§After getting his PhD from MIT, he served in various positions at prestigious institutions, including the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy, the CALTECH and the Space Telescope Science Institute before joining the European Southern Observatory (ESO).